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Italy General Information

Geography and climate:
Italy, located in Southern Europe, is a peninsula with two big Mediterranean Islands, Sicily, Sardinia and many smaller islands ( Aeolian,  Aegadian,  Flegrean, Pontine, etc..) The climate is temperate and sunny – humid subtropical to humid continental and oceanic. It’s warm all over Italy in summer; very hot in the south, The higher temperatures usually begin everywhere in May, often lasting until sometime in October. Winters in the north of Italy are cold, with rain and snow. In Rome and the south the weather is warm. The rainiest months pretty much everywhere are usually November and February. Click here to know more about the Weather Forecast in Italy.


Euro is the currency for the nation.  Purchases can also be paid using the most common credit cards.  Click here for currency converter.


Religion in Italy is characterised by the predominance of Christianity with an increasing diversity of religious practices.


The official language of Italy is the Italian.


In Italy the standard voltage is 230 V and frequency is 50 Hz.  Please note that you need an world adapter.


The emergency numbers ( NUE 112) is  112.  An efficient, modern, integrated network, with the switchboards of the various police forces, emergency services, organisations and agencies is ready to respond to emergency calls from anywhere in Italy.


International dialing code for Italy is +39, followed by the telephone number you require. There are numerous internet points and cafés offering internet access. Wi-Fi access is also available in many airports, hotels, train stations and other public places.


Shops are generally open from Monday to Saturday, from 9.30 a.m. to 1.00 and from 4.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. ,except shopping centres open all day.


Have the same opening hours as shops; some pharmacies are open 24 hours.


Public Transport: 
Italy is well-connected to the rest of the world by air, as well as by land and sea, with cars, trains, buses and boats. Thousand ways to move around Italy, enjoying the experiences.


Air Flying:
Italy offers a big network of internal flights, with numerous low-cost airlines operating across the country. Click here to know more about internal flights.


Cover the entire country. The Italian high-speed rail network,  allows moving easily throughout the “Bel Paese”  in just a few hours.  Numerous  services on-board , Wi-Fi, catering service, assistance for the disabled etc.  Click on Trenitalia and Italotreno for more details.


You can reach every angle of Italy using freeways and  highways.  The use of seatbelts in both the front and rear seats is compulsory; failure results in fines for both drivers and passengers. Speed cameras and Tutor have been installed to check the speed , throughout the road and motorway network in Italy.  Driving is not permitted with a blood alcohol content superior to 0.5 grammes per litre.


Ferry lines travel between the islands and all the principal coastal and port cities. 


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